3 Ways to Solve App Performance Problems with Transaction Tracking

3 Ways to Solve App Performance Problems with Transaction TrackingTransaction Tracking can provide tremendous insight into the performance and behavior of applications. However, this can be challenging when transactions traverse platforms and technologies.  Often it can be similar to tracking someone in the old Westerns where you follow the trail to the river and then lose track of where they went next.  Tracking MQ transactions can have this same hurdle to overcome with MQ running on diverse platforms spanning multiple locations.  MQ transactions typically interact with other platforms such as IBM Integration Bus (Broker) and IBM DataPower.  Visualizing a dynamic flow of transactions across all of these environments is well worth the effort as it greatly simplifies the problem detection process at the same time reducing the mean time to resolve problems (MTTR).

Concepts of Transaction Tracing

Package tracking is an analogy that can be used to explain the concepts behind transaction tracking.  A package is sent from location A to location B with tracking notices generated to let the sender know where the package is in-transit, when the expected time of arrival is and when it actually arrived.    Package Tracking is a combination of disjoint technologies, similar to the middleware environment.  The process of transaction tracking can be complex with cost and timeliness of delivery of major concern.  No matter how fast you deliver a package, someone always wants it quicker. The same problems affect MQ transactions, but instead of a package, it is a message that never seems to get to its destination fast enough.

There are a set of common questions users have about package tracking.  For the customer it might include:   where is my package or is my package progressing as planned? If you work for the shipping company, you are more concerned about: where the bottlenecks are in the system, how to solve a problem, stopping a problem from recurring and what issues can I expect tomorrow. As a technician, you would want to know where your failures are occurring and where you can make improvements.

Package tracking involves: delivering   packages, scanning them and exporting the events from the scanners into a database for later analysis.  The key to tracing anything is to create tracking events that capture the key events such a pick, pack or ship and what time these occurred

Transaction Tracking for MQ

There are a common set of  behavior patterns for MQ.  Each set of patterns can be unique.  Typically, you have senders and receivers as well as queues being processed with one or more queue managers communicating with each other. With multiple applications running on different servers, as in the package tracking example, every time a message gets sent or received, the details about that message and its processing should be captured and sent  to a central location.  This will provide the ability to understand what is occurring. If the transaction is stuck or slow, we know that we can react to it or produce warnings if the transaction takes too long.  We can also gather statistics along the way to see the duration of each step.  Capturing raw metrics about message flows and then correlating them together into a big picture can help the user solve performance problems faster.

Whether you are a corporate manager, Line of Business owner, application support group or IT infrastructure team, you need end-to-end visibility into the transactions that are relevant to you.

Stay tuned for the next installment in this series, “3 Ways to Solve App Performance Problems with Transaction Tracking”.


To learn more, watch the TechTalk here

4 Key Benefits from Using Self-Service for IBM MQ – Part 2 of 3

4 Key Benefits from Using Self-Service for IBM MQ - Part 2 of 3[This is Part 2 of a 3 part series. Catch-up with part 1, here.]

Drivers for MQ Self-Service

In Part I, we discussed the extensive interest in MQ Self-Service.  This interest is due to a number of factors, including:  the shrinking size of middleware staff, growing workloads and increasing application complexity.

At the same time application complexity rises, the demand for MQ access grows accordingly.  The number of  application developers,  IT support and operations personnel needing access to MQ is increasing and they all come to the middleware group to get help.

There are a variety of use cases that are common within most enterprises. Understanding the typical business requirements to reduce support costs and stakeholder necessities for increased visibility, message browsing and the taking of actions is essential in providing   an effective self-service system.

Typical Requirements for MQ Self-Service  

  • Visibility Anywhere: View queue status and depth, channel usage via web
  • Testing: Examine queues, channels, queue managers, and subscriptions
  • Forensics: Browse and manipulate application messages
  • Action: Act on application specific messages (move, copy, edit, route, replay, create)

Crafting an Effective Self-Service Solution

How do you go about crafting an effective self-service solution for IBM MQ?  Many organizations use IBM’s MQ Explorer. After all, why not? It comes out of the box with the product so that is certainly an option. The product has all the characteristics that you need to manage and view in the MQ environment; however, it can be challenging to use for problem diagnosis.  Some of the requirements when using MQ Explorer do not meet the objectives that we identified:

MQ Explorer is lacking:

  • Simplicity: You need to install an Eclipse client and set the appropriate security level to give access. This may end up exposing the complexity of MQ requiring tool users to have a solid understanding of MQ or they will be lost. There will be difficulties to enable non-specialists to complete their tasks.
  • Scalability: Trying to roll out the MQ Explorer to hundreds or thousands of users is challenging for most organizations as it is a manual task.
  • Security & Audit: You end up giving people more capability that you want to give them. Users can potentially see and do more than what is needed. This can be dangerous.

The Better Approach to Self Service

First, start off with a self-service monitoring dashboard which provides stakeholders a business view of MQ:

  • Activity
  • Availability
  • Performance

Teams acquire an end-to-end view of application flows through all the moving parts that make up a workflow.

Next, provide users with real-time application visibility for instant awareness of performance problems. Standard web-enabled dashboards do not typically supply this.  Users will have the capabilities to understand what is happening within MQ as they need it to understand their situation. Problem resolution time shrinks, too.  When a problem occurs, instead of calling up the middleware team to say something like “I think MQ is broken,” the user can now describe the issue that they are experiencing and place it into a business context for rapid remediation.

Then, provide deep-dive visibility. Many users do not have this insight into how MQ impacts application performance & behavior.  This approach to MQ self-service is very empowering for the user as it enables them to better understand how middleware behaves.  Stakeholders get the opportunity to participate actively and proactively diagnose situations where issues might occur. In return, this helps the team prevent situations from reoccurring.  Once deep visibility is provided for stakeholders, productivity improves.

Finally, we come to taking action. When talking about self-service, we are not merely considering how users view objects.  We are also covering how users take action to improve the situation.  Make it simple for users to understand the necessary procedures that are available to them. Help them choose the right action to perform, through effective communication in a format that is brief, easy to understand and one that enables a quick user response.

To learn more, read Part 3 of this 3 part series, “4 Key Benefits from using Self-Service for IBM MQ” and learn how users can take actions when provided with a graphical historical view on middleware performance. Find out what the key most important metrics are, how to interpret the metrics and when to invoke actions.

For more information on how you can improve productivity, increase speed of delivery to customers and reduce costs, watch the TechTalk Boost Productivity using Self-Service for IBM MQ!

4 Key Benefits from Using Self-Service for IBM MQ” Part 1 of 3

4 Key Benefits from Using Self-Service for IBM MQ" Part 1 of 3The concept of self-service has evolved over many years.  It has led to very important innovations and technology in many industries in the way we work and live.  Until the earliest 20th century, people who went shopping were entirely dependent on clerks.  They would go to a store and give a list of items that they needed to the clerk and those people selected their bits for them. Naturally shopping has changed dramatically with innovations such as supermarkets, malls and even today, internet shopping. When the first ATMs were introduced, there was a lot of fear in the part of banking organizations that customers would miss human interaction with their bank tellers. That fear went away when it became clear that these machines were a huge success.

The Benefits to Self-Service:

Human Empowerment: Users with self-service systems are able to do things for themselves that previously required help from a specialists.

Increased Efficiency: People are now able to do more with less by delegating some activities to users.  This enables a more economical use of resources.

Improved Productivity: With self-service, the specialists that we rely upon are now free to perform other tasks that deliver greater value to the organization. Also, user wait time has decreased.

Reduced Costs: Time consuming tasks that were previously performed by specialists are now delegated to users which has a great impact on reducing costs.

Essential Design Criteria for Self-Service:

Despite all of these benefits, there is an essential design criteria that we cannot forget about when talking about self-service.  You want to provide the benefits of ease of use to your end-users but the first and foremost criteria is protection and the well-being of the user.

Safety: All self-service systems focus primarily on protecting the underlying system of many issues that can either intentionally or unintentionally be created by the non-specialist. Protecting the integrity of the underlying system while still delivering the self-service benefit to the user.

Security:  Only the users can do what they are authorized to do.  Automatic teller machines and atms are the best examples.

Simplicity: Self-service users may have little or no training so the users have to be intuitive and must guide the users to do the right actions.

Scalability: The Self Service system has to be able to handle an increasing volume of the consumers. Self-service often leads to a high level of adoption to users than what was originally anticipated when these systems were put into use.

Self Service System for IBM MQ

A self-service system for IBM MQ has a number of potential stakeholders.  Naturally, these are the people in the middleware team but there are also other groups to consider that are involved with MQ monitoring as well.

Middleware team: Focused on proactive management of messaging middleware. They want to manage their environment

Application Support: Interested in faster time to repair (MTTR).  They want to identify the root cause of performance issues

Application Developers: Interested in continuous quality improvement of the new releases of the applications.

Enterprise Architects and Application Owners: Interesting in processing improving and reduce costs. They want to prevent performance problems from happening.  They also want to monitor their applications from end to end.

Application support, DevOps, and operations teams can have direct access to WMQ, test messages in development and quickly find the root-cause of production problems—without needing to call the Middleware Team. They do not need to know the internal mechanics of MQ in order to do their jobs effectively so their understanding of the internal mechanics of MQ is relatively limited. Since most of these stakeholders are not specialists in MQ, it is not surprising if they frequently contact their middleware team with inaccurate observations or questions such as: “MQ is broken, can you fix it?”, “MQ is slow,”  “I need a new queue so I can do some testing,” or “I need to be able to run tests.”  They can also rely on the MQ Specialists, the middleware team to address their issues if need be.

A fundamental ingredient to a successful self-service implementation is the act of delegating a specific set of selected activities to a broader group of people.  Middleware Teams can leverage easy-to-implement technology to empower their colleagues in application support, DevOps, and operations and also save themselves a boatload of time. Understanding the common requirements and user demands of these stakeholders is the key to providing them with an effective self-service system.

To learn more, read Part 2 of this 3 part series, “4 Key Benefits from using Self-Service for IBM MQ” and learn why there is so much interest in the self-service topic and typical user requirements for self-service for MQ.

For more information on how you can improve productivity, increase speed of delivery to customers and reduce costs, watch the TechTalk Boost Productivity using Self-Service for IBM MQ!

Top 5 Performance Problems in .NET Applications

Top 5 Performance Problems in .NET Applications

This article builds on these topics by reviewing five of the top performance problems you might experience in your .NET application. Specifically this article reviews the following: There are times in your application code when you want to ensure that only a single thread can execute a subset of code at a time.

Read the source article at Home | SYS-CON MEDIA

Rewarding Impatience with User Self-Service

Rewarding Impatience with User Self-Service

There seems to be a direct correlation between how successful business professionals are and their level of impatience. While I am not familiar with any studies on this particular subject, it is simple logic that the most productive employees are those who most frequently demand rapid response to service requests.

Read the source article at EMA Blog Community

Original Author: Steve Brasen

Performance Monitoring Fixes

Performance Monitoring Fixes

America runs on quick fixes and convenience. For many of us, the faster something gets done, the better. It began with fast food restaurants and continues today with self checkout lines at the grocery store, instant social media feedback, and Uber. Instant gratification has become the norm.

Read the source article at Home | SYS-CON MEDIA

What to expect from application performance monitoring tools

What to expect from application performance monitoring tools

Without effective performance management, applications suffer response time delays, anger customers and ruin employee productivity. Trial-and-error troubleshooting and poor visibility into problems cause outages. Both situations make key business functions effectively unavailable for long periods of time, choking off the sales and production cycle.


Bridging legacy tech and cloud with middleware

Bridging legacy tech and cloud with middleware

IBM remembered that middleware is the tool to use to bridge disparate environments.  Instead of your current IT department with the one you just acquired, its now applying it to bridge between clouds.

“Cloud is everywhere,” said the IBM’s Don Boulia, VP of Cloud Services. The company is positioning itself as the ideal candidate to help the enterprise access cloud without sacrificing their systems of record. IBM is moving traditional middleware …

Read the source article at SiliconANGLE