The critical role of Internet of Things infrastructure in connecting all of our devices
The Internet of Things (IoT) will fundamentally change all industries, from agriculture to transportation to healthcare. In the next few decades, nearly everything in our world will become connected.
But with that increased connectivity comes several concerns. For example, the IoT will generate immense amounts of data, which will put pressure on the Internet and force us to come up with more efficient ways to transmit and store this data.
Perhaps chief among these concerns are the infrastructure considerations as other sectors grow thanks to the IoT.
Below, we’ve outlined the future of IoT infrastructure management, along with some IoT infrastructure companies that are leading the way.
As the population continues to move toward cities in the coming years, municipalities will have to deal with increasing population pressures. To handle this, they will more frequently connect their public infrastructure in order to more efficiently run their cities and improve the quality of life for residents. And cities have already started implementing some of these strategies.
Connected surveillance cameras, for example, help police departments keep an eye on areas with high crime rates. Connected traffic lights help cities ease congestion in high-traffic areas. And connected street lights allow cities to keep their energy costs down.
In 2018 AT&T and the Dallas Innovation Alliance conducted a year-long smart city case study. The partnership introduced nine smart city projects, which produced data showing the impact of the smart city solutions. Here are some of the results:
- Using data from cameras and sensors to optimize traffic light timings and inform police patrol and deployment patterns led to a 13% increase in pedestrian flow on sidewalks and a 6% drop in crime rates
- The introduction of smart lights with low-powered LED bulbs led to a 35% reduction in lighting energy costs
Business Insider Intelligence expects that there will be more than 64 billion IoT devices installed around the world by 2026.
IoT Cloud Computing & Fog Computing
Cloud computing, usually just called “the cloud,” involves delivering data, applications, photos, videos, and more over the Internet to data centers. The Internet of Things, meanwhile, is the term for the connection of devices (other than the standard ones such as computers and smartphones) to the Internet.
Automobiles, kitchen appliances, and even heart monitors could all be connected through the IoT. And as the IoT explodes in the next few years, more types of devices will join that list.
Cloud computing and the IoT both serve to increase efficiency in our everyday tasks, and the two have a complementary relationship. The IoT generates massive amounts of data, and cloud computing provides a pathway for that data to travel to its destination.
Some of the more popular IoT cloud platforms on the market include Amazon Web Services, GE Predix, Google Cloud IoT, Microsoft Azure IoT Suite, IBM Watson, and Salesforce IoT Cloud.
Fog computing is more than just a clever name. Also known as edge computing, it provides a way to gather and process data at local computing devices instead of in the cloud or at a remote data center. Under this model, sensors and other connected devices send data to a nearby edge computing device. This could be a gateway device, such as a switch or router, that processors and analyzes this data.
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